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Hungary report
Péter Bajomi-Lázár - Krisztina Kertész
Hungary is a relatively stable post-communist democracy in both economic and political terms. The print press and the broadcast media have been privatised; nationwide and regional newspapers and broadcasters are typically owned by Western European multinational companies, whereas local outlets are predominantly run by minor Hungarian ventures. The political elites have repeatedly interfered with press freedom in the past 16 years, as a result of which most analysts described the status of the press and media as one ruled by a quasi-permanent "media war". [More]

The Business of Ethics, the Ethics of Business
Peter Bajomi-Lazar
After the political transformation, the print press and the broadcasting media developped in fundamentally different ways in Hungary. The privatisation of the newspaper industry began as early as 1989 when the licensing procedure imposed upon print publications was abolished, and thousands of new titles entered the market in just a few years. The privatisation of the broadcasting industry, however, was delayed by a "frequency moratorium" that maintained state monopoly in broadcasting until 1996 when the Broadcasting Act was passed. The nationwide commercial television channels went on air in late 1997 and the netionwide commercial radio stations in early 1989. [More]

The Understandable Frequency
Radio Pannon's Programming
In recent times, issues, expressions and views previously considered to be taboo have begun to appear in Hungarian public discourse. Anti-Semitic comments in particular, which had featured in both the print press and the broadcast media in a codified form, have become increasingly blatant. The Free Press Centre has examined how anti-Semitic and other discriminative content has appeared in Radio Pannon's programs. [More]

Press Freedom in Hungary under the Orbán Government
(Bajomi-Lázár Péter)
After the Orbán-government took office in 1998, Hungary's decade-long 'media war' flared up again. The right/conservative government's efforts to gain control over the media in order to receive positive coverage encountered intense protest from both the opposition parties and the journalistic community. [More]



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